- ONLY yellow fever vaccine is required by International Health Regulations to certain countries in South Africa and tropical South America.
- Meningococcal vaccine is required by the government of Saudia Arabia only during the Hajj.
- Otherwise, NO vaccines are required by law for travel to other countries (Europe, Asia, etc.).
Certain vaccines are recommended by the CDC by they are not required by law. Recommended vaccines may be declined.
The only vaccine required by International Health Regulations is yellow fever vaccination for travel to certain countries in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America where yellow fever is endemic. Meningococcal vaccination is required by the government of Saudi Arabia for annual travel during the Hajj.
Is anyone exempt from the yellow fever vaccine?
Yes. Pregnant women, babies under one year old and people who are allergic to the vaccine and to eggs do not have to have the vaccination. You will still have to get a certificate from the vaccination centre saying that you have been exempted. If you have an exemption certificate due to medical reasons you may be allowed entry and required to report any fever or other symptoms to the health authorities and be placed under surveillance.
What happens if you do not have the yellow fever certificate?
If you arrive in South Africa without a valid Yellow Fever Certificate, you will be refused entry; or quarantined until their certificate becomes valid, or for a period of not more than six days. If there is no Port Health Officer at the point where you enter the country, you will be refused entry into South Africa.
Center for Disease Control: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/content/vaccinations.aspx
List of destinations: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.aspx
Yellow fever regions: http://www.capegateway.gov.za/eng/directories/services/11594/21089#exempt